Zaovine...

 

Zaovine is a village in the municipality of Bajina Bašta, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 442 people. Zaovine Lake is located on the southern slopes of the Tara Mountain, in the direction of the Zvijezda Mountain, which marks the border between Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. It spreads out between the villages of Zaovine to the south-west and Mitrovac, major tourist resort on Tara, to the north-east. The Beli Rzav river, one of tributaries of the Rzav River, was dammed with a 125-metre (410 ft) high dam and an artificial lake was created. The lake covers an area of 15 square kilometers (5.8 sq mi) and has five branches. There are also five mini-lakes in the area (Spajici, Malo Zaovinsko, etc.). The road connecting Zaovine and Mitrovac bounds the northern side of the lake. The shores of the lake are seeing increasing numbers of visitors, fishermen and campers as summer houses are being built. The entire lake lies in Tara National Park, one of five in Serbia. Zaovine is the area where Josif Pancic, a leading Serbian botanist, discovered the endemic Serbian spruce in 1875 on the nearby Kik hill. The hill was destroyed in the early 1980s and material was used for building the dam that created Zaovine Lake. There are over 600 plant species in the area surrounding the lake, of which 15 are protected by law, including the Serbian spurce and edelweiss. Wildlife includes chamois and 14 species of fish living in the lake, including nase, rainbow trout, European chub and Danube Roach.

 

Zаоvinе је nаsеlје u opštini Bajina Bašta u Zlatiborskom okrugu. Prеmа pоpisu iz 2002. godine bilо је 442 stаnоvnikа (prеmа pоpisu iz 1991. godine bilo је 649 stаnоvnikа). Dаnаs sе Zаоvinе nаlаzе nа оbаli Jezera Zaovine а "stаrе" Zаоvinе su оstаlе nа dnu јеzеrа njеgоvim nаstаnkоm. Zaovinsko jezero se nalazi na planini Tari u selu Zaovine i po svom nastanku je veštacko. Izgrađeno je za potrebe RHE Bajina Bašta u periodu od 1975. do 1983. godine, kada je tok Belog Rzava pregrađen branama kod vrha Kik (958 mnv). Pri najvišem vodostaju, površina jezera se nalazi na nadmorskoj visini od 881.5 m. Najveća dubina je oko 110 metara. Jezero dopunjavaju dva potoka Konjska reka i Beli Rzav. Jezero je akumulacija RHE Bajina Bašta u Perućcu sa kojom je povezano vertikalnim i kosim cevovodom. U slučaju malog dotoka reke Drine i (ili) povećanih potreba za električnom energijom u sistemu, jezero se prazni i pokreće turbine RHE Bajina Bašta, dok u slučaju viška vode, poplavnih talasa i (ili) smanjenih potreba za električnom energijom u sistemu, voda se pumpa vertikalno u Zaovinsko jezero. Zbog toga nivo jezera relativno često osciluje. Voda je veoma čista te se uz malu preradu u postrojenjima za preradu vode koristi za piće. Jezero se koristi i za uzgoj pastrmki. Leti ima kupača na neuređenim plažama, a u planu je da se kupališta urede. U blizini nasute brane je i mesto gde je Josif Pančić otkrio čuvenu Pančićevu omoriku, kao i srednjovekovno utvrđenje Grad.

 

 

 


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